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Holistic Learning and Spirituality In Education

Root - E-books
Tanggal: Wed, 12 September 2018 | Oleh: | Dibaca: 133 | Didownload: 0
Holistic Learning John P Miller The vision of human wholeness is an ancient one. It can be found in the cultures of indigenous peoples as well as in the ancient cultures of Greece, India, and China. It is a different story today. Our culture and education systems have become obsessed with acquisition and achievement. In schools the move to high-stakes testing has narrowed the focus of teaching and learning to “standards” that are easily measurable. Our present culture is not interested in educating the whole person but rather in what James Hillman (1999) has called the “objective observer”: Mr. Objective Observer. This characterless abstraction runs corporations, constructs the International Style of architecture, writes the language of official reports. He enforces the methods of scientific research, prefers systems to people, numbers to images. He defines the educational programs and the standards for testing them. He has also succeeded in separating the practices of law, science, medicine and commerce from the character of the practitioner. . . . The same characterless abstraction made possible the gulag and the KZ lager. The one death that has caused so much death in the past century is the death of character. (pp. 238–239) As Hillman points out, education has been an integral part of this process. In contrast, there are people who have a different vision of education: a holistic view. They still hold to the ancient perspective of educating the whole person and not just training students to compete in a global economy. Some of 1

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